Titanium is a lightweight, stable, and exceptionally strong metal. In terms of strength to weight ratio, it has the highest rating of any metallic element. Even though it weighs about half of the average steel, it is as strong as stainless steel. Titanium is extremely acid-resistant and does not corrode easily; on exposure to oxygen, it forms a layer of titanium oxide that buildup gradually. The titanium oxide coating on the surface shields the metal from further degradation. In the event that the metal does get scratched, the oxide film serves as a sort of healing agent and the scratch will heal itself.
Titanium has found increased use in today’s modern world especially due to its compatibility with human tissue. It is extensively used in various surgical procedures as well as for making human body implants. Titanium is non-magnetic, and it is a fairly poor conductor of heat and electricity. However, the fact that it is lightweight, durable and highly resistant to corrosion makes it suitable for many different uses where these characteristics are needed.
Cookware made with titanium seems to be the in-thing at the moment and it can be found in most online stores. However, there is some confusion regarding the name because most of the advertised “titanium cookware” is actually not manufactured with pure titanium.
How is Titanium Cookware Constructed?
In terms of the materials used and the manufacturing procedure employed, “titanium cookware” can be classified into two types.
- Pure titanium cookware with the titanium core that may or may not have a silicon-ceramic coating.
- Titanium reinforced cookware with the aluminum base and the titanium-infused coating as a cooking surface.
Pure Titanium Cookware
This type of cookware is very strong, extremely light, and has some special uses. The poor heat distributing characteristics make pure titanium cookware unsuitable for everyday cooking because it transmits heat unevenly and food tends to stick to the base and the walls of the pot. However, due to its lightweight, it is quite good for backpacking adventures like camping and hiking and is favorite cookware for such activities. Pure titanium cookware is durable, doesn’t get deformed by bending, and it is resistant to corrosion. To reduce sticking, the cooking surface can be coated with a silicon-ceramic non-stick coating.
Titanium reinforced non-stick cookware uses a cast aluminum base to ensure fast and even heat distribution and good heat retention. The aluminum core conducts heat seven times faster than metals such as steel or iron. The base is coated with a titanium-infused, ceramic coating. The addition of titanium enhances non-stick properties, increases durability, and ensures better cooking performance. This non-porous coating also prevents the Aluminum base from coming in contact with food.
Is Titanium Cookware Safe?
Pure titanium is considered a safe choice for producing cookware because it is non-toxic, stable, resistant to acid degradation, and will not affect the taste of food.
When it comes to titanium-reinforced cookware, its safety depends largely on the materials used in the coating in order to provide the non-stick property. Some manufacturers claim that they even don’t use any ceramic, mixed with titanium. For instance, Young Living Titanium Pans are made of the cast aluminum base and their interior surface is coated with the patented, non-stick, titanium finish that is resistant to scratches. The titanium layer prevents aluminum from seeping into the food. The non-stick feature results in a smaller amount of oil needed to cook foods. Therefore, titanium-reinforced cookware is a good choice for individuals that are conscious about their health.
The surface of premium titanium coated cookware doesn’t peel, even with the use of metal utensils. Even if the surface peels of, the chemically inert titanium will not have any toxic effect on the human body if ingested. No cases of titanium allergies have been reported and titanium is considered to be non-toxic even at high doses.
When it comes to cookware with the titanium infused ceramic coating, the metals and alloys used in the manufacturing of the base will not seep into your food because this cookware is non-porous. Also, the materials used to provide the non-stick property are not toxic and non-reactive. Some of these materials are used to manufacture implants for medicinal uses. Cookware coated with titanium and titanium infused ceramic is both considered non-reactive and safe for cooking. However, if you consider buying this type of cookware, ensure that you check all the substances used in the production of the non-stick coating. This way you can be sure that the coating is free of PFOA, nickel, heavy metals and other harmful materials that are present in some non-stick coatings.
Benefits of Titanium Nonstick Coating
Some manufacturers claim that titanium-infused coating offers enough benefits to justify the high prices associated with it. These benefits include:
Scratch-Resistance and Durability
Since ceramic coatings are fragile and require hand-washing and use of plastic or wooden utensils, titanium is added to the coating to increase wear resistance and ensure longer life of the cookware. Titanium-infused cookware has a long-lasting and abrasion-resistant finish which offers a higher rate of durability than average non-stick coatings. Even with prolonged use, the cookware will retain a brand new look and stylish appearance. The coating is metal friendly and normal degradation due to using metal utensils will have no effect on the cooking performances and non-stick feature. Knives can leave small scratch marks that would just be physical flaws and the pan can still be used with no worries.
Certain brands of titanium infused cookware carry a Surface Performance Warranty of 20-years.
Due to the non-stick property of titanium infused ceramic coating, you do not have to use oil, fat, or butter when cooking food. This makes cookware with titanium-reinforced ceramic coating ideal for fat-free, low-fat, and generally healthy cooking. The non-stick capability of such cookware prevents your food from getting burnt, even when it is cooked on high heat.
Ease of Cleaning
This is one of the greatest advantages of titanium coated cookware. It can be wiped clean easily using a piece of cloth or washed with warm soapy water and a sponge. A few brands of titanium coated cookware can be cleaned using a dishwasher. Another plus is that you never have to season a pan with a titanium-reinforced ceramic coating.